## On the mapping between Hopfield networks and Restricted Boltzmann Machines

### Matthew Smart · Anton Zilman

Keywords: [ Statistical Physics ] [ Restricted Boltzmann Machines ] [ Hopfield Networks ]

Abstract: Hopfield networks (HNs) and Restricted Boltzmann Machines (RBMs) are two important models at the interface of statistical physics, machine learning, and neuroscience. Recently, there has been interest in the relationship between HNs and RBMs, due to their similarity under the statistical mechanics formalism. An exact mapping between HNs and RBMs has been previously noted for the special case of orthogonal (“uncorrelated”) encoded patterns. We present here an exact mapping in the case of correlated pattern HNs, which are more broadly applicable to existing datasets. Specifically, we show that any HN with $N$ binary variables and \$p