Hopper: Multi-hop Transformer for Spatiotemporal Reasoning

Honglu Zhou · Asim Kadav · Farley Lai · Alexandru Niculescu-Mizil · Martin Min · Mubbasir Kapadia · Hans P Graf

Keywords: [ Multi-hop Reasoning ] [ Object Permanence ] [ Spatiotemporal Understanding ] [ Video Recognition ] [ transformer ]


This paper considers the problem of spatiotemporal object-centric reasoning in videos. Central to our approach is the notion of object permanence, i.e., the ability to reason about the location of objects as they move through the video while being occluded, contained or carried by other objects. Existing deep learning based approaches often suffer from spatiotemporal biases when applied to video reasoning problems. We propose Hopper, which uses a Multi-hop Transformer for reasoning object permanence in videos. Given a video and a localization query, Hopper reasons over image and object tracks to automatically hop over critical frames in an iterative fashion to predict the final position of the object of interest. We demonstrate the effectiveness of using a contrastive loss to reduce spatiotemporal biases. We evaluate over CATER dataset and find that Hopper achieves 73.2% Top-1 accuracy using just 1 FPS by hopping through just a few critical frames. We also demonstrate Hopper can perform long-term reasoning by building a CATER-h dataset that requires multi-step reasoning to localize objects of interest correctly.

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