Evaluating the Disentanglement of Deep Generative Models through Manifold Topology

Sharon Zhou · Eric Zelikman · Fred Lu · Andrew Ng · Gunnar E Carlsson · Stefano Ermon

Keywords: [ generative models ] [ disentanglement ] [ evaluation ]


Learning disentangled representations is regarded as a fundamental task for improving the generalization, robustness, and interpretability of generative models. However, measuring disentanglement has been challenging and inconsistent, often dependent on an ad-hoc external model or specific to a certain dataset. To address this, we present a method for quantifying disentanglement that only uses the generative model, by measuring the topological similarity of conditional submanifolds in the learned representation. This method showcases both unsupervised and supervised variants. To illustrate the effectiveness and applicability of our method, we empirically evaluate several state-of-the-art models across multiple datasets. We find that our method ranks models similarly to existing methods. We make our code publicly available at

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