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Affinity Workshop: Tiny Papers Oral Session 3

Analog In-Memory Computing with Uncertainty Quantification for Efficient Edge-based Medical Imaging Segmentation

Imane Hamzaoui · Hadjer Benmeziane · Zayneb Cherif · Kaoutar El Maghraoui


This work investigates the role of the emerging Analog In-memory computing (AIMC) paradigm in enabling Medical AI analysis and improving the certainty of these models at the edge. It contrasts AIMC's efficiency with traditional digital computing's limitations in power, speed, and scalability. Our comprehensive evaluation focuses on brain tumor analysis, spleen segmentation, and nuclei detection. The study highlights the superior robustness of isotropic architectures, which exhibit a minimal accuracy drop (0.04) in analog-aware training, compared to significant drops (up to 0.15) in pyramidal structures. Additionally, the paper emphasizes IMC's effective data pipelining, reducing latency and increasing throughput as well as the exploitation of inherent noise within AIMC, strategically harnessed to augment model certainty.

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