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Revisit and Outstrip Entity Alignment: A Perspective of Generative Models

Lingbing Guo · Zhuo Chen · Jiaoyan Chen · Yin Fang · Wen Zhang · Huajun Chen

Halle B #95
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Wed 8 May 1:45 a.m. PDT — 3:45 a.m. PDT


Recent embedding-based methods have achieved great successes in exploiting entity alignment from knowledge graph (KG) embeddings of multiple modalities. In this paper, we study embedding-based entity alignment (EEA) from a perspective of generative models. We show that EEA shares similarities with typical generative models and prove the effectiveness of the recently developed generative adversarial network (GAN)-based EEA methods theoretically. We then reveal that their incomplete objective limits the capacity on both entity alignment and entity synthesis (i.e., generating new entities). We mitigate this problem by introducing a generative EEA (GEEA) framework with the proposed mutual variational autoencoder (M-VAE) as the generative model. M-VAE enables entity conversion between KGs and generation of new entities from random noise vectors. We demonstrate the power of GEEA with theoretical analysis and empirical experiments on both entity alignment and entity synthesis tasks. The source code and datasets are available at

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