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GeoDiffusion: Text-Prompted Geometric Control for Object Detection Data Generation

Kai Chen · Enze Xie · Zhe Chen · Yibo Wang · Lanqing HONG · Zhenguo Li · Dit-Yan Yeung

Halle B #86
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Tue 7 May 7:30 a.m. PDT — 9:30 a.m. PDT


Diffusion models have attracted significant attention due to the remarkable ability to create content and generate data for tasks like image classification. However, the usage of diffusion models to generate the high-quality object detection data remains an underexplored area, where not only image-level perceptual quality but also geometric conditions such as bounding boxes and camera views are essential. Previous studies have utilized either copy-paste synthesis or layout-to-image (L2I) generation with specifically designed modules to encode the semantic layouts. In this paper, we propose the GeoDiffusion, a simple framework that can flexibly translate various geometric conditions into text prompts and empower pre-trained text-to-image (T2I) diffusion models for high-quality detection data generation. Unlike previous L2I methods, our GeoDiffusion is able to encode not only the bounding boxes but also extra geometric conditions such as camera views in self-driving scenes. Extensive experiments demonstrate GeoDiffusion outperforms previous L2I methods while maintaining 4x training time faster. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work to adopt diffusion models for layout-to-image generation with geometric conditions and demonstrate that L2I-generated images can be beneficial for improving the performance of object detectors.

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