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FedCDA: Federated Learning with Cross-rounds Divergence-aware Aggregation

Haozhao Wang · Haoran Xu · Yichen Li · Yuan Xu · Ruixuan Li · Tianwei Zhang

Halle B #349
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Wed 8 May 1:45 a.m. PDT — 3:45 a.m. PDT


In Federated Learning (FL), model aggregation is pivotal. It involves a global server iteratively aggregating client local trained models in successive rounds without accessing private data. Traditional methods typically aggregate the local models from the current round alone. However, due to the statistical heterogeneity across clients, the local models from different clients may be greatly diverse, making the obtained global model incapable of maintaining the specific knowledge of each local model. In this paper, we introduce a novel method, FedCDA, which selectively aggregates cross-round local models, decreasing discrepancies between the global model and local models.The principle behind FedCDA is that due to the different global model parameters received in different rounds and the non-convexity of deep neural networks, the local models from each client may converge to different local optima across rounds. Therefore, for each client, we select a local model from its several recent local models obtained in multiple rounds, where the local model is selected by minimizing its divergence from the local models of other clients. This ensures the aggregated global model remains close to all selected local models to maintain their data knowledge. Extensive experiments conducted on various models and datasets reveal our approach outperforms state-of-the-art aggregation methods.

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