Skip to yearly menu bar Skip to main content


Prompt Learning with Quaternion Networks

Boya Shi · Zhengqin Xu · Shuai Jia · Chao Ma

Halle B #22
[ ]
Wed 8 May 1:45 a.m. PDT — 3:45 a.m. PDT


Multimodal pre-trained models have shown impressive potential in enhancing performance on downstream tasks. However, existing fusion strategies for modalities primarily rely on explicit interaction structures that fail to capture the diverse aspects and patterns inherent in input data. This yields limited performance in zero-shot contexts, especially when fine-grained classifications and abstract interpretations are required. To address this, we propose an effective approach, namely Prompt Learning with Quaternion Networks (QNet), for semantic alignment across diverse modalities. QNet employs a quaternion hidden space where the mutually orthogonal imaginary axes capture rich intermodal semantic spatial correlations from various perspectives. Hierarchical features across multilayers are utilized to encode intricate interdependencies within various modalities with reduced parameters. Our experiments on 11 datasets demonstrate that QNet outperforms state-of-the-art prompt learning techniques in base-to-novel generalization, cross-dataset transfer, and domain transfer scenarios with fewer learnable parameters. The source code is available at

Chat is not available.