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Source-Free and Image-Only Unsupervised Domain Adaptation for Category Level Object Pose Estimation

Prakhar Kaushik · Aayush Mishra · Adam Kortylewski · Alan Yuille

Halle B #286
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Thu 9 May 1:45 a.m. PDT — 3:45 a.m. PDT


We consider the problem of source-free unsupervised category-level 3D pose estimation from only RGB images to an non-annotated and unlabelled target domain without any access to source domain data or annotations during adaptation. Collecting and annotating real world 3D data and corresponding images is laborious, expensive yet unavoidable process since even 3D pose domain adaptation methods require 3D data in the target domain. We introduce a method which is capable of adapting to a nuisance ridden target domain without any 3D data or annotations. We represent object categories as simple cuboid meshes, and harness a generative model of neural feature activations modeled as a von Mises Fisher distribution at each mesh vertex learnt using differential rendering. We focus on individual mesh vertex features and iteratively update them based on their proximity to corresponding features in the target domain. Our key insight stems from the observation that specific object subparts remain stable across out-of-domain (OOD) scenarios, enabling strategic utilization of these invariant subcomponents for effective model updates. Our model is then trained in an EM fashion alternating between updating the vertex features and feature extractor. We show that our method simulates fine-tuning on a global-pseudo labelled dataset under mild assumptions which converges to the target domain asymptotically. Through extensive empirical validation, we demonstrate the potency of our simple approach in addressing the domain shift challenge and significantly enhancing pose estimation accuracy. By accentuating robust and less changed object subcomponents, our framework contributes to the evolution of UDA techniques in the context of 3D pose estimation using only images from the target domain.

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