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When Semantic Segmentation Meets Frequency Aliasing

Linwei Chen · Lin Gu · Ying Fu

Halle B #113
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Tue 7 May 7:30 a.m. PDT — 9:30 a.m. PDT


Despite recent advancements in semantic segmentation, where and what pixels are hard to segment remains largely unexplored.Existing research only separates an image into easy and hard regions and empirically observes the latter are associated with object boundaries.In this paper, we conduct a comprehensive analysis of hard pixel errors, categorizing them into three types: false responses, merging mistakes, and displacements. Our findings reveal a quantitative association between hard pixels and aliasing, which is distortion caused by the overlapping of frequency components in the Fourier domain during downsampling.To identify the frequencies responsible for aliasing, we propose using the equivalent sampling rate to calculate the Nyquist frequency, which marks the threshold for aliasing. Then, we introduce the aliasing score as a metric to quantify the extent of aliasing.While positively correlated with the proposed aliasing score, three types of hard pixels exhibit different patterns.Here, we propose two novel de-aliasing filter (DAF) and frequency mixing (FreqMix) modules to alleviate aliasing degradation by accurately removing or adjusting frequencies higher than the Nyquist frequency.The DAF precisely removes the frequencies responsible for aliasing before downsampling, while the FreqMix dynamically selects high-frequency components within the encoder block.Experimental results demonstrate consistent improvements in semantic segmentation and low-light instance segmentation tasks.The code is at: \url{}.

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