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Scalable and Effective Implicit Graph Neural Networks on Large Graphs

Juncheng Liu · Bryan Hooi · Kenji Kawaguchi · Yiwei Wang · Chaosheng Dong · Xiaokui Xiao

Halle B #74
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Wed 8 May 7:30 a.m. PDT — 9:30 a.m. PDT


Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have become the de facto standard for modeling graph-structured data in various applications. Among them, implicit GNNs have shown a superior ability to effectively capture long-range dependencies in underlying graphs. However, implicit GNNs tend to be computationally expensive and have high memory usage, due to 1) their use of full-batch training; and 2) they require a large number of iterations to solve a fixed-point equation. These compromise the scalability and efficiency of implicit GNNs especially on large graphs. In this paper, we aim to answer the question: how can we efficiently train implicit GNNs to provide effective predictions on large graphs? We propose a new scalable and effective implicit GNN (SEIGNN) with a mini-batch training method and a stochastic solver, which can be trained efficiently on large graphs. Specifically, SEIGNN can more effectively incorporate global and long-range information by introducing coarse-level nodes in the mini-batch training method. It also achieves reduced training time by obtaining unbiased approximate solutions with fewer iterations in the proposed solver. Comprehensive experiments on various large graphs demonstrate that SEIGNN outperforms baselines and achieves higher accuracy with less training time compared with existing implicit GNNs.

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