Skip to yearly menu bar Skip to main content


UNR-Explainer: Counterfactual Explanations for Unsupervised Node Representation Learning Models

Hyunju Kang · Geonhee Han · Hogun Park

Halle B #266
[ ]
Wed 8 May 1:45 a.m. PDT — 3:45 a.m. PDT

Abstract: Node representation learning, such as Graph Neural Networks (GNNs), has become one of the important learning methods in machine learning, and the demand for reliable explanation generation is growing. Despite extensive research on explanation generation for supervised node representation learning, explaining unsupervised models has been less explored. To address this gap, we propose a method for generating counterfactual (CF) explanations in unsupervised node representation learning, aiming to identify the most important subgraphs that cause a significant change in the $k$-nearest neighbors of a node of interest in the learned embedding space upon perturbation. The $k$-nearest neighbor-based CF explanation method provides simple, yet pivotal, information for understanding unsupervised downstream tasks, such as top-$k$ link prediction and clustering. Furthermore, we introduce a Monte Carlo Tree Search (MCTS)-based explainability method for generating expressive CF explanations for **U**nsupervised **N**ode **R**epresentation learning methods, which we call **UNR-Explainer**. The proposed method demonstrates improved performance on six datasets for both unsupervised GraphSAGE and DGI.

Chat is not available.