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DreamTime: An Improved Optimization Strategy for Diffusion-Guided 3D Generation

Yukun Huang · Jianan Wang · Yukai Shi · Boshi Tang · Xianbiao Qi · Lei Zhang

Halle B #36
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Wed 8 May 1:45 a.m. PDT — 3:45 a.m. PDT


Text-to-image diffusion models pre-trained on billions of image-text pairs have recently enabled 3D content creation by optimizing a randomly initialized differentiable 3D representation with score distillation. However, the optimization process suffers slow convergence and the resultant 3D models often exhibit two limitations: (a) quality concerns such as missing attributes and distorted shape and texture; (b) extremely low diversity comparing to text-guided image synthesis. In this paper, we show that the conflict between the 3D optimization process and uniform timestep sampling in score distillation is the main reason for these limitations. To resolve this conflict, we propose to prioritize timestep sampling with monotonically non-increasing functions, which aligns the 3D optimization process with the sampling process of diffusion model. Extensive experiments show that our simple redesign significantly improves 3D content creation with faster convergence, better quality and diversity.

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