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Workshop: Workshop on the Elements of Reasoning: Objects, Structure and Causality

Coherence Evaluation of Visual Concepts With Objects and Language

Tobias Leemann · Yao Rong · Stefan Kraft · Enkelejda Kasneci · Gjergji Kasneci


Meaningful concepts are the fundamental elements of human reasoning. In explainable AI, they are used to provide concept-based explanations of machine learning models. The concepts are often extracted from large-scale image data sets in an unsupervised manner and are therefore not guaranteed to be meaningful to users. In this work, we investigate to which extent we can automatically assessthe meaningfulness of such visual concepts using objects and language as forms of supervision. On the way towards discovering more meaningful concepts, we propose the “Semantic-level, Object and Language-Guided Coherence Evaluation” framework for visual concepts (SOLaCE). SOLaCE assigns semantic meanings in the form of words to automatically discovered visual concepts and evaluates theirdegree of intelligibility on this higher level without human effort. We consider the question of whether objects are sufficient as possible meanings, or whether a broader vocabulary including more abstract meanings needs to be considered. By means of a user study, we confirm that our simulated evaluations highly agree with the human perception of coherence. They can improve over mere visual metrics, even when only relying on objects.

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