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Invited Talk
Workshop: From Cells to Societies: Collective Learning Across Scales

The Wisdom of the Body: evolutionary origins and implications of multi-scale intelligence

Michael Levin


Embryos and regenerating organs produce very complex, robust anatomical structures and stop growth and remodeling when those structures are complete. One of the most remarkable things about morphogenesis is that it is not simply a feed-forward emergent process, but one that has massive plasticity: even when disrupted by manipulations such as damage or changing the sizes of cells, the system often manages to achieve its morphogenetic goal. How do cell collectives know what to build and when to stop? Constructing and repairing anatomies in novel circumstances is a remarkable example of the collective intelligence of a biological swarm. In this talk, I will review examples of problem-solving in morphospace and other challenging, high-dimensional spaces by living things at diverse scales of organization, and propose that a multi-scale competency architecture is how evolution exploits physics to achieve robust machines that solve novel problems. I will describe what is known about developmental bioelectricity - a precursor to neurobiology which is used for cognitive binding in biological collectives, that scales their intelligence and the size of the goals they can pursue. I will conclude with examples of synthetic living machines - a new biorobotics platform that uses some of these ideas to build novel primitive intelligences, and speculate about a future that integrates deeply across biological and synthetic agents.

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