Learning Causal Models from Conditional Moment Restrictions by Importance Weighting

Masahiro Kato · Masaaki Imaizumi · Kenichiro McAlinn · Shota Yasui · Haruo Kakehi

[ Abstract ]
Thu 28 Apr 2:30 a.m. —
[ OpenReview

We consider learning causal relationships under conditional moment restrictions. Unlike causal inference under unconditional moment restrictions, conditional moment restrictions pose serious challenges for causal inference. To address this issue, we propose a method that transforms conditional moment restrictions to unconditional moment restrictions through importance weighting using a conditional density ratio estimator. Then, using this transformation, we propose a method that successfully estimate a parametric or nonparametric functions defined under the conditional moment restrictions. We analyze the estimation error and provide a bound on the structural function, providing theoretical support for our proposed method. In experiments, we confirm the soundness of our proposed method.

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