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Reparameterization through Spatial Gradient Scaling

Alexander Detkov · Mohammad Salameh · Muhammad Fetrat Qharabagh · Jialin Zhang · Wei Lu · SHANGLING JUI · Di Niu

Keywords: [ Deep Learning and representational learning ] [ neural architectures ] [ deep learning ] [ Reparameterization ] [ convolutional neural networks ]


Reparameterization aims to improve the generalization of deep neural networks by transforming a convolution operation into equivalent multi-branched structures during training. However, there exists a gap in understanding how reparameterization may change and benefit learning processes for neural networks. In this paper, we present a novel spatial gradient scaling method to redistribute learning focus among weights in convolutional neural networks. We prove that spatial gradient scaling achieves the same learning dynamics as a branched reparameterization yet without introducing structural changes into the network. We further propose an analytical approach that dynamically learns scalings for each convolutional layer based on the spatial characteristics of its input feature map gauged by mutual information. Experiments on CIFAR-10, CIFAR-100, and ImageNet show that without searching for reparameterized structures, our proposed scaling method outperforms the state-of-the-art reparameterization methods at a lower computational cost.

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