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Efficient Edge Inference by Selective Query

Anil Kag · Igor Fedorov · Aditya Gangrade · Paul Whatmough · Venkatesh Saligrama

MH1-2-3-4 #78

Keywords: [ Deep Learning and representational learning ] [ low-capacity model ] [ efficient edge inference ] [ large scale prediction ] [ dynamic neural networks ] [ adaptive neural networks ]


Abstract: Edge devices provide inference on predictive tasks to many end-users. However, deploying deep neural networks that achieve state-of-the-art accuracy on these devices is infeasible due to edge resource constraints. Nevertheless, cloud-only processing, the de-facto standard, is also problematic, since uploading large amounts of data imposes severe communication bottlenecks. We propose a novel end-to-end hybrid learning framework that allows the edge to selectively query only those hard examples that the cloud can classify correctly. Our framework optimizes over neural architectures and trains edge predictors and routing models so that the overall accuracy remains high while minimizing the overall latency. Training a hybrid learner is difficult since we lack annotations of hard edge-examples. We introduce a novel proxy supervision in this context and show that our method adapts seamlessly and near optimally across different latency regimes. On the ImageNet dataset, our proposed method deployed on a micro-controller unit exhibits $25\%$ reduction in latency compared to cloud-only processing while suffering no excess loss.

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